Cap Ferguson Hotel and Business Center

"The Block" Another area I grew up around ...

Ferguson Hotel

The Ferguson Business Center, which included the 72-room Ferguson hotel, a movie theater, restaurant, beauty shop and business offices at Washington Street East and Shrewsbury Street. The hotel complex became the cornerstone of “The Block,” the center of black commercial and cultural life in Charleston and was designed by John C. Norman, Charleston’s first black architect. (Norman's son was the famed Artificial heart pioneer Dr. John C. Norman Jr. )


 Norman’s client for the development was G.E. (Gurnett Edinburgh)  “Cap” Ferguson, who, like the young architect, was one of the few black Army officers commissioned to serve in World War I. Ferguson, a teacher before the war, rose to the rank of captain by war’s end, and once was the ranking officer on a ship carrying 1,700 American troops to France, giving added meaning to his nickname.

In addition to anchoring the main enterprise zone for black Charleston, the Ferguson Hotel and its nearby restaurants, shops and entertainment venues became a haven for African-Americans traveling through Charleston and encountering its Jim Crow laws.

In World War I Cap Ferguson had been the first black officer to command a troop ship to France, hence the nickname. By 1923 he added to the hotel a cafe, barber shop, haberdashery, theater, smoke shop and a ballroom. Adjoining the Ferguson Hotel, a building was being constructed by black real estate agent Anderson H. Brown. The building extended from Washington Street around the corner to Shrewsbury Street. Eventually, in the building would be a pharmacy, Mr. Brown's real estate office, a beauty shop, a restaurant, a printing shop, barber shop, pool hall, dentist, and many other businesses. 

Ferguson Hotel Charleston WV

Cap Ferguson

This property was the focal point of "The Block",  which comprised mostly of Black business and homes.  The Black Garnet School was just around the corner, as was the Black funeral home. (Garnet was one of three high schools in the Kanawha Valley built for African American students. It closed as a high school in 1956.)  Several prominent Black families lived in close proximity to The Block,   as did a few White families and poor Whites & Blacks alike.  I lived here at several locations as a child myself.

Ferguson Hotel


Cap FergusonFerguson, Gurnett Edinburgh (1888-1982) — also known as G. E. Ferguson — of Charleston, Kanawha County, W.Va. Born in Fayette County, W.Va., October 17, 1888. Republican. Served in the U.S. Army during World War I; school teacher; real estate business; hotelier; director, West Virginia Bureau of Negro Welfare and Statistics; alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from West Virginia, 1940, 1948; candidate for West Virginia state house of delegates from Kanawha County, 1942. African ancestry. Member, Freemasons; Shriners. Died December 26, 1982 (age 94 years, 70 days).

Ferguson Hotel

 This photo shows the footprint of the old Ferguson Hotel complex. 

The red line is Spurlock Alley, which you can plainly see in the two old photos above.

The Post Office is in the lower left hand corner.  The two buildings are now hotels.

Ferguson Hotel

I'm not sure what to make of this.  Did Cap lose the hotel and go bankrupt?

Dr Brown Dentist

Authors Note:  As a child, I delivered newspapers to this complex.  One man I delivered to was a Dr Brown, a Black dentist, and my first girlfriend went to this dentist when she was young.  The thing I DO remember was that his equipment, such as his "spit bowl" and other parts of the dental chair were black, not white as you might expect.    Dr Brown would die the following year I stopped passing papers.  As two of the houses I lived in were just around the corner on Shrewsbury St, I spent a lot of time near the Ferguson.

Another Building nearby that is now a parking lot:

Black Knights of Pythias

The Colored Knights of Pythias Hall

Located on the corner of Washington and Dickinson Streets,  the Colored Knights of Pythias Hall was the center of Black culture after the church.  Samuel W. Starks was born in Charleston in 1866.  On September 18, 1892, he formed a West Virginia Grand Lodge of the Knights of Pythias, one of the leading secret black fraternal orders of the day.  Starks was grand chancellor of the state organization from the time of its inception. He became the national vice chancellor in 1897 and national supreme chancellor in 1901.   In 1905, the Charleston chapter of the Knights of Pythias built a structure to house their offices and lodge rooms, as well as a barber shop, grocery store, and pharmacy. The building was located on the corner of Washington and Dickinson Streets, but was later razed and is now the location of a parking lot.

Colored Knights